Climate and weather in Montenegro
Montenegro is both a seaside and continental, mountain country. There are four climatic types with a variety of microclimatic changes and variations. Being in the middle between the subtropical and sub polar regions, the air currents from Africa going north and the polar fronts moving towards the South replace each other over Montenegro.
Montenegro's lower areas enjoy a Mediterranean climate, having dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Temperature varies greatly with elevation.
Podgorica, lying near sea level, is noted for having the warmest July temperatures in Montenegro, averaging 27 °C.
Cetinje, in the Karst at an elevation of 1700 m, has a temperature 5 °C lower. January temperatures range from 8 °C at Bar on the southern coast to -3 °C in the northern mountains.
Montenegro's mountainous regions receive some of the highest amounts of rainfall in Europe. Annual precipitation at Crkvice, in the Karst above the Gulf of Kotor, is 4,928 millimetres.
Like most areas along the Mediterranean Sea, precipitation occurs principally during the cold part of the year, but in the higher mountains a secondary summer maximum is present. Snow cover is rare along the Montenegrin coast. It averages 10 days in karstic polje depressions and increases to 120 days in the higher mountains.