O Crnoj GoriAbout Montenegro

About Montenegro

By its geographical position, Montenegro belongs to the central Mediterranean, that is Southern Europe. Republic of Serbia is its northern neighbor. On the southeast, it borders with Albania. On the south, it is separated from Italy by the Adriatic Sea, whereas its western neighbors are the former Yugoslav republics of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The name of Montenegro, Crna Gora (Black Mountain) was probably derived from the thick "black" forests, that in the mediaeval times had been covering Mt. Lovcen and other alpine areas of the "Old Montenegro". This name was first mentioned in 1276, after which it has gradually replaced the former names for this geographic and administrative area - Duklja and Zeta. Italian sources also record the names of Montagna Nera, Montenero, or Monte Negro - wherefrom Montenegro was incorporated into the West-European languages.

Montenegro is both a seaside and continental, mountain country. There are four climatic types with a variety of microclimatic changes and variations. Being in the middle between the subtropical and sub polar regions, the air currents from Africa going north and the polar fronts moving towards the South replace each other over Montenegro. There are 40 lakes in Montenegro, and eighty percent of the territory is comprised of forests, natural pasturelands and meadows. Montenegro is the country of natural rarities which is shown throughout the four clearly differentiated geographic regions within its small area.


Area: 13 812 km2
Capital city: Podgorica
Popolation: 650575
Language: Montenegrian
Government: Republic
Currency: Euro

Geographic extreme points:
North: 43o 32' SGS
18o 58' IGD
South: 41o 52' SGS
19o 22' IGD
East: 42o 53' SGS
20o 21' IGD

Coastline: 293,35 km
Land borders: 614 km
With Croatia: 14 km
With Bosnia and Herzegovina: 225 km
With Serbia: 203 km
With Albania: 172 km

Longest beach: Velika plaza (Long Beach) Ulcinj - 13.000 m
Highest peak: Bobotov kuk (Mt. Durmitor) - 2.522 m
Largest lake: Lake Skadar - 392 km 2
Deepest canyon: The Tara River - 1.300 m
Largest bay: Boka Kotorska (The Bay of Kotor)
National parks: Durmitor - 39.000 ha
Lovcen - 6.400 ha
Biogradska gora - 5.400 ha
Lake Skadar - 40.000 ha
World heritage under the UNESCO protection:: Mt. Durmitor with the Tara canyon
Kotor - the old City
datas taken from official presentation of
Republic of Montenegro

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